Dynamics of postpartum IUD use in India: Quality of care received and interim results three months after insertion

This research brief explores the contraceptive use dynamics among 412 married women in India who received a postpartum intrauterine contraceptive device (PPIUD). The women were interviewed within one month of starting the method and again at a three-month follow-up. These preliminary findings should be of interest to program designers, policy makers and health service delivery professionals, especially family planning and antenatal care providers. Findings include reported quality of care received by PPIUD users at the time of insertion and dynamics of PPIUD use after three months, including method continuation, switching, and discontinuation. The brief also examines the role of husbands and frontline health workers in PPIUD use dynamics.

This is the first in a series of briefs in a longitudinal study of the dynamics of contraceptive use among 2,699 married women aged 15-49 in Odisha and Haryana states in India. Future briefs will explore dynamics among IUD users, injectable users, and oral contraceptive pill users from enrollment through three-, six-, and twelve-month follow-up interviews.