Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) approaches aim to improve access to health care, including family planning/reproductive health (FP/RH), while conserving natural resources in remote communities. To contribute to the available evidence of PHE project benefits, particularly the role of the FP in building resilience, improving livelihoods, and helping people adapt to climate change, the Evidence Project produced The Impact of Population, Health, and Environment Projects: A Synthesis of the Evidence, a working paper on the evidence of impact of PHE projects.
The Evidence Project then collaborated with The Tuungane Project (Tuungane)+, a PHE project in the Greater Mahale Ecosystem (GME), to further analyze the RH data from their 2011 baseline survey. The GME, with a rapidly growing population, faces challenges including: unsustainable land use/agriculture, siltation into Lake Tanganyika, diminishing fish populations, and reduced fish catches. This impacts food security and livelihoods. Additionally, many people lack information or access to FP/RH and other health services.
Addressing these challenges could improve factors that contribute to climate change adaptation and resilience.
Presented at African Great Lakes Conference 2017
Authors: Smita Gaith, Karen Hardee, and Kristen Patterson