Working Paper

The Impact of Population, Health, and Environment Projects: A Synthesis of the Evidence

Integrating family planning into non-health sector development projects has been promoted as a win-win for multiple sectors, leading to both increased access to and use of contraceptives as well as improvements in many other development indicators. Integrated projects are increasingly collecting data to document implementation and impact, but this evidence is often isolated in project reports and not disseminated widely. Advocates, donors, and others interested in these integrated approaches often call for more evidence of impact, and thus there is need to pull together project findings across many integrated projects to assess and better document what is known about the results and benefits of integrated projects and where gaps in the evidence base still exist.

This synthesis report examines and summarizes recent available evidence from integrated Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) projects to document what they are measuring and/or not measuring, assess the current state of PHE project monitoring and evaluation, and identify gaps in evaluation and research for current and future PHE projects to improve upon. Forty-three documents from 35 projects were reviewed in conducting this synthesis. While some projects began as early as 1992 or as late as 2010, the majority began programming in the early- to mid-2000s.