Social accountability refers to the efforts of citizens and civil society to scrutinize and hold duty bearers (politicians, government officials, and service providers) to account for providing mandated services, most often at the sub-national or community levels. Social accountability is based on the assumption that increased and targeted citizen and civil society engagement and action […]


In 2008, the Government of India launched the National Health Insurance program, Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY), to enable families living below the poverty line in urban and rural areas to access a range of private health services. Enrolled families can avail pre-specified packages of services from RSBY participating private hospitals, including for family planning […]

Case Study


Although family planning programming has been ongoing in Pakistan for nearly 50 years, 20 percent of women have unmet need, fertility remains high at 3.8 children per woman, and only 35 percent of married couples today are using a contraceptive method.1 Compared with other countries in the region, Pakistan’s fertility transition has been extremely slow, […]

Working Paper

Integrating family planning into non-health sector development projects has been promoted as a win-win for multiple sectors, leading to both increased access to and use of contraceptives as well as improvements in many other development indicators. Integrated projects are increasingly collecting data to document implementation and impact, but this evidence is often isolated in project […]


RAISE Health is an initiative to improve the health of women and men factory and farm workers in developing countries through changes in global and corporate policies and workplace practices. Effective management of workplace health is good for companies and workers alike, resulting in better health and morale, better labor-management relations, empowerment of women, and […]